Paleo Ernährung, Fisch, Fleisch

Paleo diet - also known as the Stone Age diet!

The Paleo diet, also known as the Stone Age diet, has become increasingly popular in recent years. It is based on the assumption that the diet of our Paleolithic ancestors, which began about 2.5 million years ago and lasted until about 10,000 years ago, is best suited to our bodies. This comprehensive guide will explain the basics of the Paleo diet, its potential effects on the body, and how it integrates into the world of strength training.

The Basics of the Paleo Diet

The Paleo diet focuses on eating foods that were available during the Paleolithic era & avoids processed foods. The basics of this diet are essentially as follows:

1. Lean meat and fish

The Paleo diet places great emphasis on eating lean meats. These include beef, chicken, turkey, game and fish. These foods are rich in proteins, which are beneficial to the body in many ways.

High protein intake is particularly important for strength athletes, as proteins play a crucial role in muscle building and recovery after training. They provide the necessary amino acids that promote muscle growth.

2. Vegetables and fruits

Another feature of the Paleo diet is the consumption of non-starchy vegetables and fruits. These include broccoli, spinach, carrots, apples, berries and many more.

These foods are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. Not only do they contribute to overall health, but they also provide the energy needed for intense strength training.

3. Nuts and seeds

Nuts and seeds are an essential part of the Paleo diet and provide a healthy source of fats and proteins. Almonds, walnuts, chia seeds, and flax seeds are some of the popular options.

The healthy fats in nuts and seeds can support energy levels during strength training and help maintain healthy hormone levels.

4. Healthy fats

Healthy fats are expressly allowed in the Paleo diet. These include avocado oil, coconut oil and olive oil. Not only do these fats provide an excellent source of energy, but they are also crucial for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

5. No processed foods

A key tenet of the Paleo diet is avoiding processed foods, sugar, grains, legumes, dairy and artificial additives.

Eliminating processed foods can lead to a significant reduction in sugar and unhealthy trans fats in the diet. This can help reduce the risk of inflammation and insulin resistance, which is of particular interest to strength athletes. You will also automatically lose weight or body fat.

6. High protein intake

One of the most notable features of the Paleo diet is its high protein intake. This can help build and maintain muscle mass. This is particularly important for strength athletes, as muscle loss after intensive training should be avoided.

The Paleo diet's high protein intake can help strength athletes achieve their training goals and support recovery. Proteins are the building blocks of muscles and play a key role in muscle building and repair.

The effects on the body

The Paleo diet has several effects on the body that are of interest to many people:

1. Weight loss and body fat reduction

The Paleo diet is often characterized by natural weight loss. This happens for various reasons. Firstly, the consumption of processed foods and sugar is severely restricted. Second, the diet provides a high amount of fiber, which promotes satiety and can reduce appetite.

By combining these factors, the Paleo diet can help you lose excess pounds and reduce body fat. This is of particular interest to strength athletes, as a low body fat percentage can improve muscle definition.

2. Stabilization of blood sugar levels

The Paleo diet can help stabilize blood sugar levels because it severely limits consumption of refined carbohydrates and sugar. This can be particularly beneficial for people with insulin resistance or prediabetes.

A stable blood sugar level is important for maintaining energy during weight training. Fluctuations in blood sugar levels can lead to fatigue and lack of energy, which can affect exercise performance.

3. Improved digestion

Eating foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables and fruits, can significantly improve digestion. Fiber promotes intestinal health and helps prevent constipation.

Efficient digestion is important to optimize nutrient absorption and ensure the body receives the energy it needs for strength training.

4. Increased protein intake and muscle building

The Paleo diet's high protein intake is beneficial for strength athletes because it helps build muscle. Proteins are the building blocks of muscles and play a crucial role in muscle building and recovery after training.

Increasing protein intake can help build and maintain muscle mass. This is particularly important because strength athletes typically want to build muscle and minimize muscle loss after training.

5. Better energy supply

Some people who have switched to the Paleo diet report increased energy and mental clarity. This can be due to a variety of factors, including reducing sugar and processed foods and emphasizing nutrient-dense foods.

Improved energy supply is crucial for strength training. It allows athletes to perform more intensive training sessions and achieve training goals more efficiently.

The Paleo diet and weight training

The Paleo diet can be successfully integrated into strength training, but requires some adjustments to meet the specific needs of athletes:

1. Calorie intake

Proper calorie intake is crucial to meeting the energy requirements of weight training. Depending on exercise intensity and frequency, you may need to increase your calorie intake to ensure you have enough energy for training and recovery.

One way to achieve this is to increase your consumption of healthy fats. These provide a concentrated source of calories and help maintain energy levels.

2. Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are an important source of energy for strength athletes. The Paleo diet limits consumption of starchy vegetables and grains. Still, athletes can include starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes and roots in their diet to increase their carbohydrate intake.

Targeted intake of carbohydrates before and after exercise can help increase exercise performance and support muscle recovery.

3. Protein

The high protein intake of the Paleo diet is of great benefit to strength athletes. Proteins are essential for building muscle and repairing muscles after exercise. Recommended protein sources include lean meat, fish and eggs.

Strength athletes should ensure they are consuming enough protein to meet their training goals. Depending on training intensity and frequency, this may require adjusting protein intake.

4. Hydration

The Paleo diet emphasizes consuming water and natural drinks like herbal teas. Adequate hydration is crucial to maintaining strength training performance.

Physical exertion can lead to increased fluid loss. Therefore, it is important to stay well hydrated during exercise. Sports drinks that contain electrolytes can help balance electrolyte levels during exercise.

5. Supplements

Dietary supplements can be beneficial for strength athletes to optimize their nutrition and achieve training goals efficiently. Recommended dietary supplements include:

  • Protein shakes : These can provide a convenient way to meet protein needs and aid post-workout recovery.

  • EAAs (essential amino acids) : EAAs are amino acids that play an important role in muscle building and regeneration. They can help minimize muscle loss after exercise.

  • Creatine : Creatine is a proven dietary supplement that can increase performance in weight training. It can increase muscle strength and endurance.


    The Paleo diet can be a healthy eating option that can help reduce body fat, stabilize blood sugar levels, and build muscle mass. If adapted correctly, it can also be successfully integrated into strength training. However, as with any dietary change, it is important to consider individual needs and goals. A consultation with a nutritionist or sports medicine professional can be helpful in designing a nutrition plan tailored to your needs.

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